As you approach your forties or fifties you are most likely to have some common vision problems. If not treated or detected at the right time, these vision problems can lead to partial and even complete vision loss. According to a recent study, 65% of people with visual impairment and 82% of those who are blind are mostly over the age of 50. But to keep you from becoming a part of that statistic, we’ve listed the most common vision problems along with information on treatment and diagnostic options:
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Common Vision Problems in the Elderly
Listed below are some of the common age-related eye diseases, but some of them can affect people at any age. Even so, early detection and appropriate care reduce discomfort and improve vision, no matter what your age.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
This is a type of age-related eye disease that primarily affects the macula—a tiny pigmented portion found at the centre of the retina and responsible for eye vision. AMD affects your ability to perform day-to-day tasks like reading, writing and driving causing distorted or fuzzy vision. A few factors contribute to increasing AMD risk in certain individuals:
- Family history
- History of smoking
It’s possible to detect early signs and symptoms of AMD through a comprehensive retinal exam.
Diabetic Eye Disease
This disorder is a common vision problem that arises from untreated diabetes. It occurs when the small blood vessels stop feeding the retina and either bleed or leak fluid. It often results in blurred vision in some, but could also be asymptomatic. If left untreated, it can result in partial or permanent vision loss.
Presbyopia refers to a disorder wherein the objects that are quite close such as the small prints in a newspaper aren’t clearly visible. Those with Presbyopia hold their reading material at arm’s length and are seen complaining of headaches when holding objects too close. This is a common vision problem that develops gradually, often over a lifetime, probably starting around the age of 35 to 40. It can be improved by wearing reading glasses or multifocal lenses.
One of the most common age-related eye diseases, cataracts are cloudy areas that form in the lens in front of the eye. They stop the light from easily passing through the lens to the back of the eye, causing blurry vision. They usually start small and become thick with age and have a significant effect on the vision. They can be removed with surgery.
Glaucoma is a condition that leads to the damage of the optic nerve due to fluid buildup in the eye. There are several risk factors for Glaucoma like hereditary, diabetes, age and even medications. It can even occur due to eye injury, blockage of blood vessels and inflammatory eye disorders. Treatments include eye drops, oral medication, surgery or laser treatment.
Vision impairment in the elderly is very common and could exist in many forms. A comprehensive eye exam by knowledgeable eye care professionals is important to keep your eyes in good condition and functioning as you age. Prasad Netralaya is the best eye specialist in Mangalore for all your vision problems. Take proactive steps towards healthier eyes with the best eye hospital in Karnataka and call us at +91 9513596565 or visit our website to book an appointment. You can also book a teleconsultation if you wish to get a consultation from the comfort of your home.