Ptosis of the eye, most commonly known as droopy eyelids, is a condition where the eyelid droops over the pupil, limiting or sometimes even completely blocking normal vision. There are two types of Ptosis. It can be congenital (existing at birth) or acquired (developed later in life).
This condition can sometimes get resolved by itself and sometimes might need medical intervention for correction.
The sagging of one or both upper eyelids is the most common symptom of droopy eyelids. Sometimes, to see clearly, you may need to tilt your head back or arch your brows to raise your lids. These movements may have an effect on your head and neck over time. This could also hinder your ability to drive, read, or walk up or down the stairs. In such cases, doctors would recommend some form of treatment.
Many people, however, find that eyelid sagging is barely evident or does not happen all the time. In such circumstances, your doctor may decide not to treat it and instead suggest that you visit for frequent checkups.
The treatment depends on the cause and severity of the condition.
Treatment for children with Mild Ptosis (congenital Ptosis) is usually not recommended. Instead, they are closely monitored as they get older to see if they have any other vision abnormalities that may require surgery. Other eye-related problems seen in children with Ptosis include lazy eye, eye movement issues, eye muscle disease, tumors (on the eyelid or elsewhere), etc.
Acquired Ptosis is caused due to aging or an eye injury. Treatment for adults typically involves surgery. Extra skin may be removed, and the muscle that lifts the lid may be tucked. Alternatively, the doctor may decide to reconnect and strengthen that muscle.
If you wish to avoid Ptosis surgery, doctors might sometimes recommend you to wear glasses with a special built-in crutch which improves your vision by lifting your eyelids.